Cardiac Services

Cardiac Services

We Specialise inAdult & PediatricCardiac Care

A 100,000 times a day… That is the average number of times the human heart beats in twenty-four hours!

Though a powerful and hardworking organ, the human heart is susceptible to a plethora of illnesses and diseases.

At Morning Star Hospitals, we offer the full range of cardiac treatments that cater for every age range. Cardiac outpatient diagnosis and inpatient treatment are carried out at Morning Star Hospital with the highest level of surgical and medical care.

Our cardiovascular services incorporate the most advanced diagnostic and therapeutic modalities to achieve the best possible outcomes for our patients.

Sophisticated equipment in our cardiology center includes machines for Echocardiography, Doppler studies, Resting and Stress ECG, Holter ECG monitor, Ambulatory BP monitor etc.

HealthCare Professionals

With top Consultants and dedicated Clinical Specialists, our multidisciplinary team comprises experts in all areas of medical treatment and rehabilitation.

Medical Excellence

We offer world-class and cost-effective clinical care, striving to remain a leader in the provisioning of top-notch healthcare and standards of care.

Latest Technologies

We implore the use of the most advanced diagnostic tools combined with state-of-the-art hospital facilities, world-class IT functions, and the latest technologies for our hospital pavilion.

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Monday – Friday 24 hours Open
Saturday – Sunday 24 hours Open
Emergency Services 24 hours Open

Cardiac Conditions We Treat



Ablation is a minimally invasive treatment option for a heart rhythm problem that causes the heart to beat irregularly. Ablation eliminates the abnormal tissue that causes the irregular heart rhythm.

An MSH pediatric electrophysiologist guides a catheter to the heart and locates the tissue to be treated. Radiofrequency energy (heat generated from high-frequency radiowaves) passes through the catheter to the precise target area and destroys the tissue causing the irregularity.

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis is a condition when the leaflets that make up the aortic valve do not separate fully, causing a blockage of blood flow to the body. This can be a little blockage (mild) or it can be a large blockage (severe). This blockage increases the pumping work of the left ventricle. It may lessen the amount of blood that goes out of the ventricle (lower left chamber) to the body through the aortic valve.

Aortic stenosis can occur on its own, or as part of a group of abnormalities that together affect the left side of the heart. In most cases, aortic valve stenosis occurs before a baby is born. A baby may become symptomatic shortly after birth or if stenosis is mild and causes no symptoms, not until later in life. Rarely, aortic stenosis can develop after rheumatic fever or endocarditis.

Symptoms of aortic stenosis include poor blood flow to the body with pale or grey color, weak pulses, and shock. Children with milder cases may tire easily or have to rest during exercise. Some children may faint when not enough blood is reaching the body. In severe cases, sudden cardiac death can occur.

Treatment for aortic stenosis varies widely depending on the severity of the blockage and the symptoms. Some children may need only to be monitored regularly, while others may require a procedure.



The heart has its own electrical system that tells it to beat. An arrhythmia is an abnormal electrical path in the heart which makes the heart beat either too fast or too slow. This can cause the heart to pump less effectively.

Abnormal heart rhythms occur in many people who do not have heart disease. Heart rhythm problems can result in a slow heartbeat (bradyarrhythmia) or a fast heartbeat (tachyarrhythmia). An electrophysiologist is a heart rhythm specialist and may need to be consulted if the problem is serious. Symptoms of a rhythm problem can include a racing heart, fainting, trouble breathing or a change in color (looking pale or gray). Common tests to diagnose an arrhythmia before treatment begins at MSH include an:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Holter study to watch for the problem over 24 hours
  • Exercise stress test to watch for problems during exercise)
  • An electrophysiology study

Bacterial Endocarditis

Bacterial Endocarditis

Bacterial endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart, most often the heart valves, or in the major blood vessels.

Endocarditis can occur in a person at any age who has a congenital heart problem. It can also occur in people without heart disease.

While endocarditis is not common, it can cause serious heart damage. The infection can eat holes in the important valves of the heart. In most cases, bacterial endocarditis can be treated with antibiotics. The antibiotics are given intravenously for six weeks.

According to the guidelines set in 2007 by the American Heart Association (AHA), taking antibiotics prior to dental procedures is no longer routinely necessary. There are some exceptions and our cardiologist will inform you if you or your child requires antibiotic prophylaxis.

Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease

When the heart or blood vessels near the heart do not develop normally before birth, a condition called congenital heart disease occurs (congenital means “existing at birth”). Heart defects are the most common type of birth defect, occurring in 1 out of every 120 live births. Most are detected at birth, but sometimes they do not present symptoms until adulthood.

MSH’s highly specialized physicians offer care to newborns and children with congenital heart disease.

Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is when the heart cannot pump enough oxygenated blood to meet the body’s needs.

There are many reasons why a child might have congestive heart failure, including diseases of the muscle and, commonly, a congenital heart defect that allows extra blood to go to the lungs.

Heart problems such as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrioventricular canal defect (AVC) can all have symptoms of heart failure.The most common symptoms of heart failure in children include:

  • Fast breathing (tachypnea)
  • Fast heart rate (tachycardia)
  • Edema or swelling of the face
  • Less urine or fewer wet diapers
  • Problems eating or tiring while eating, such as stopping to breathe during feeding
  • Difficulty gaining weight because of problems eating

Medications are helpful in treating the early stages of heart failure. Eventually, heart failure may need surgical repair of the heart problem.

In muscle diseases of the heart, a ventricular assist device or heart transplant may help.



Myocarditis is an inflammation of the muscle of the heart, causing it to function poorly.

The inflammation is usually caused by a viral infection. Sometimes the patient recovers from the virus, but a process of inflammation started by the virus continues. Myocarditis is mostly seen in young infants. Some infants are exposed to a virus before being born.

Treatment for myocarditis is based on treating the symptoms of the heart function. If mild or moderate, medications can help. If the damage to the heart muscle from inflammation is severe, there is no surgery to help other than heart transplantation.



Pericarditis is a condition where the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed.

This inflammation is usually sudden and short-lived. It can cause chest pain.

Treatment generally involves anti-inflammatory medications. If the sac becomes too thick from the inflammation, surgery may be necessary.

Pulmonary Stenosis

Pulmonary Stenosis

Pulmonary stenosis is when the leaflets of the pulmonary valve are fused or thick, making the pulmonary valve narrow. The pulmonary valve is the entryway from the heart to the pulmonary artery. It prevents blood from flowing back into the heart when it is squeezing blood out to the lungs.

Blood flows through the pulmonary valve into the pulmonary artery where it is taken to the lungs to become oxygenated.

A normal pulmonary valve is made up of three thin leaflets. A narrow valve means the heart has to work more to pump enough blood to the lungs. Pulmonary stenosis can be trivial, mild, moderate, severe or critical.

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

CAD occurs when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and plaque, on their inner walls, limiting blood flow to the heart.

This buildup is called atherosclerosis and as it grows, deprives the heart muscle of the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.

CAD eventually weakens the heart muscle and contributes to heart failure and arrhythmias.

Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular heart disease is characterized by damage to or a defect in one of the four heart valves: the mitral, aortic, tricuspid or pulmonary. The mitral and tricuspid valves control the flow of blood between the atria and the ventricles (the upper and lower chambers of the heart)

At Morning Star Hospital, a series of diagnostic tests including chest radiography, electrocardiography, echocardiography, and exercise testing are normally done to ascertain a specific treatment pathway.

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